Overview of Mononucleosis Symptoms
Epstein-Barr virus causes mono. Popularly known as the kissing disease, EBV infection causes excessive white blood cells in the bloodstream. Sore throat, fever and malaise are the result of the infection.
The initial symptoms of mono constitute:
- Lack of energy or tiredness
- Loss of appetite
If these minor symptoms are neglected, intense symptoms starts appearing. Minor symptoms prevail for one to three days. The following symptoms are considered to be the severe symptoms:
- Appearance of Glands in the neck area
- Severe sore throat
The above condition worsens the health of a person and consulting a doctor becomes inevitable at this stage.
Other Mono Symptoms
Temperature raise to 102 – 104 F is quite common. Red throat, tonsils and swollen lymph glands in the neck portion are common signs of this disease. White coating appears on one third portion of the tonsils. The enlargement of spleen and liver are the other symptoms of mono. Very few patients develop red rashes on their body like measles.
Diagnosis of Disease with the help of Mono Symptoms
Though the symptoms are helpful for the confirmation of the disease, blood test is also essential to know about the severity of the illness. Monospot and heterophile antibody tests are the specific tests that prove the existence of mono disease. These tests are helpful in finding the presence of measurable antibodies, which can fight against EBV. The antibodies can be found only after two to three weeks of the illness. But the blood test exhibits the function of liver, which in turn is very useful for further treatment.
Causes of Mono Symptoms
The blood lymphocytes escalate and cause mononucleosis. The dreadful EBV is the cause of this disease across the world. Naturally our body’s immune system develops antibodies, which are efficient in fighting against EBV. In U.S.A. almost 95% people get infected by EBV in an year. When an individual reaches adulthood, normally the antibodies tend to decrease in blood. This situation makes him prone to EBV.
EBV can affect any person at any time. Adulthood is the stage where people get infected by the virus. It was discovered that mono symptoms affect the people at the age of 15 to 17 very badly and this is considered to be the peak season.
Though it affects people of all age group, children are affected lesser than adults. Adolescents and young adults are prone to this disease. Mono can transmit through saliva from one person to other. So it is otherwise known as kissing disease.
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